If there is one disadvantage to owning your private well, it is the fact that you become responsible for maintaining the well and all of its functional components. However, with a little guidance and information, maintaining a well all year is not as bad as it seems—even in the coldest months of the year. During the winter season when temperatures drop low enough to cause water to freeze, some new issues can come up. If this will be your first winter season dealing with a private well, there are a few things you will need to know to help you through the cold weather.
Use a submersible well pump and make sure it is far enough into the well to prevent freezing.
Through most seasons, the traditional jetstream well pump that is situated above ground will be just fine. However, in the winter, these pumps have to be kept in a warm area so they do not freeze up. This is why most property owners that have an above-ground pump must have a well house that uses a heat lamp to keep the water from freezing in the pump. It is a much more feasible idea to simply invest in a submersible well pump, which gets lowered into the well water, where the temperatures stay high enough to ward off problems most of the time.
Keep your well covered with an insulated well topper through the winter.
The reason wells don't usually freeze in the winter is because they are located several feet into the ground, which naturally stays at a temperature that is above freezing as long as it is deep enough. However, with there being a gaping opening up above the well, it can allow that cold, freezing air to settle in, which can cause your well water to freeze. Invest in a good insulated well topper or cover and make sure you keep the opening of the well covered.
Fully empty water lines when you are done using them.
Lines running from the well pump to your home are prone to freezing if they are above ground or not at a deep enough level to keep them warm during the winter. Because of this, it is a good idea to fully empty water lines after you are done using them if your water lines are not appropriately protected from the cold. To do this, simply turn off the well pump and turn on your faucet to extrude any remaining water inside of the lines.
To learn more, contact a company like T. W. Stanley & Son Well Pump & Plumbing Repair.